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Plotins Panentheismus

Krämer, Benedikt

Archiv für Begriffsgeschichte, Bd. 65 (2023), Iss. 1: S. 100–127

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Krämer, Benedikt


Contemporary theology has shown a growing interest in panentheism – a term coined by nineteenth century philosopher K. C. F. Krause. Central to panentheism is the claim that everything / the world is in god (πᾶν ἐν θεῷ). This way to conceive of the god-world-relation is, in fact, no modern invention. It is prominent, for example, in several ancient Greek philosophers – among them Plotinus. The present paper inquires into the panentheistic structure of Plotinus’ philosophy and considers three aspects: 1. the distinctive features of Plotinian panentheism, including the meaning of the notoriously vague preposition ›in‹, 2. the source of Plotinian panentheism, 3. the function of panentheistic diction in Plotinus’ Enneads.