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Adjunktkontrolle im Deutschen

Flaate Høyem, Inghild

Linguistische Berichte (LB), Bd. 2018 (2018), Iss. 255: S. 92–140

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Flaate Høyem, Inghild


This paper examines the control status of German adjunct infinitives headed by (an)statt, ohne and um. Contrary to previous analyses, I argue that most of these adjuncts display the OC properties described by Landau (2013): The controller must be an argument of the adjunct’s matrix clause (usually, but not always, a subject), long-distance and arbitrary control are ruled out, OC PRO only allows a sloppy reading under ellipsis, and they freely allow inanimate PRO. Assuming a modified version of Landau’s OC-as-AGREE-analysis based on Zeijlstra (2012), Wurmbrand (2011, 2014) and Fischer (2016), OC is analyzed as upward multiple AGREE between a functional head F, an explicit or implicit antecedent, and PRO. Drawing on ideas in Sigurðsson (2004, 2014), NOC is analyzed as contextual pragmatic control. The control status of an adjunct is affected both by its semantic type and its syntactic position. Event and process modifying adjuncts in the c-command domain of T always display OC, including split control. In contrast, adjuncts adjoined above T display NOC. In the German adjuncts under investigation, this is only attested in speech act adjuncts, typically with the speaker/writer as antecedent, and in consecutive adjuncts, with a dativus iudicantis (Engl. estimative dative) as antecedent.