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,,Ich mach dich Messer“: Grammatische Produktivität in Kiez-Sprache (,,Kanak Sprak“) 

Al-Tamimi, Feda Yousef

Linguistische Berichte (LB), Bd. 2006 (2006), Iss. 208: S. 82–97

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Al-Tamimi, Feda Yousef


This paper, examines the correlation between two social variables, gender and class, with the Arabic trilled /r/. Upper class females use the approximant variant [®] for medial geminate [r:]'s. They also vary between the approximant [®] and the tap [R] for final geminate and singleton [r]'s. Males and females from other social classes use the trill [r] instead. [R] appears in the speech of all male and female classes in initial and medial singletons. The social prestige norms better explain why women change [r] into [R] or [®] and how this change reflects their 'feminine characteristics' as part of their social class ambitions.